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What is chokeberry: benefits, properties, recipes

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Aronia fruits are among the richest natural sources of vitamins and minerals for the body, substances without which it could not function properly. Due to its many properties, chokeberry is especially appreciated from a medical and therapeutic point of view, as it helps to prevent certain dysfunctions of the body or to reduce certain types of physical discomfort associated with specific conditions. However, because chokeberry has been in the attention of those interested in a healthy lifestyle quite recently, it is good to know more about this plant. In the following, you will find out more about what aronia is, what its properties and benefits are, what it contains, how you can consume it, recipes with aronia, indications and contraindications regarding consumption.

What is aronia. Types of chokeberry

What does chokeberry contain

Aronia benefits

Uses of chokeberry fruits and recipes

Aronia contraindications

What is aronia. Types of chokeberry

Aronia is a shrub that originated in North America, where indigenous tribes initially used its fruit to protect against colds. The Russians brought this plant to Europe only in the 19th century, acclimatizing it and, with scientific efforts, obtaining larger and tastier fruits compared to the wild variety, which is found mainly in forests. wet and swampy.

This type of shrub is related to the apple and grows best in moist and permeable soils, located in sunny places. It can reach a maximum height of 3 meters and withstands low temperatures well (shrub wood withstands frost even at -30 degrees Celsius, while the roots function normally up to -11 degrees), so we can meet chokeberry even at high altitudes. of 1200 meters. However, it does not withstand drought.

Aronia fruits are small, round, black, red, purple or blue, depending on the species, and grow in clusters. Normally, they reach maturity and can be harvested in late August, but sometimes the harvest can be postponed for up to 4-6 weeks if the weather conditions are not favorable. Among the types of aronia listed, black ones are best known for their benefits, and their taste is bitter if eaten fresh. To make them sweeter, they can be eaten either in combination with other dried fruit or after being frozen. Aronia fruits are especially useful for people suffering from diabetes, due to its healing properties.

The popular name for black chokeberry is black bark, and the scientific name is Aronia Melanocarpa, which is the cultivated variety to be used later for therapeutic purposes. Another name for chokeberry is the "fruit of astronauts", because Russian astronauts considered it a very good source of nutrients and consumed it frequently to keep their body in shape. Black chokeberry fruits are the richest in nutrients of all types of chokeberry. In addition to this type, there are:

● red chokeberry: usually reaches a maximum height of 4 meters, and has white or light pink flowers. The fruits are sweet and the plant is very resistant to low temperatures;

● purple chokeberry: is the combination of red chokeberry and black chokeberry, which is confirmed by the sweet-bitter taste of purple fruit.

What does chokeberry contain

Aronia contains several categories of substances that the body needs in order to function normally and to be able to defend itself effectively from external factors that can be harmful. These include vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, fiber.


Vitamins

Aronia fruits contain a large amount of vitamin C, which has several important benefits for the body:

● supports immunity and protects the body against colds;

● helps reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease;

● helps prevent iron deficiency;

● contributes to the regulation of blood pressure;

● helps to produce collagen, which is found in tendons, ligaments, bones, blood vessels;

● supports protein metabolism, etc.

Other vitamins found in chokeberry fruits are:

● vitamin A: helps to assimilate calcium, supports the formation of antibodies and, implicitly, the body's protective barrier, supports the proper functioning of the digestive and reproductive systems, etc.
● vitamin K: is involved in the blood clotting process, helps regulate hypertension, helps to perform cognitive functions, etc .;
● vitamin E: helps regulate cholesterol levels, supports the functioning of the immune system, helps maintain a healthy appearance of the skin, etc .;

In addition, chokeberry is a very rare source of vitamins, such as vitamin Q (coenzyme Q) and vitamin P (rutin). While vitamin Q helps reduce the risk of serious illness (prec